Urban park suitable for the deaf by Silk Tree / Ashrafi & Zad

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Urban park suitable for the deaf by Silk Tree / Ashrafi & Zad

© Nima Ghanei© Nima Ghanei© Nima Ghanei© Nima Ghanei+ 17


  • Zoned Area of ​​this architectural project Zoned:
    2450 m²

  • Year Year of completion of this architecture project

    Year:


    2020


  • Photographs Photographs: Nima Ghanei

  • Principal architects:

    Raha Ashrafi, Marziah Zad

© Nima Ghanei
© Nima Ghanei

Text description provided by the architects. The design impulse for the Silk Tree Park began before the project existed, with an investigative studio at the Tehran Urban Innovation Center. Research conducted by Raha Ashrafi at TUIC focused on providing safe and comfortable urban environments for people who are deaf and hard of hearing, ultimately resulting in a manual titled 101 tips for designing a deaf-friendly city. Months later, when Ashrafi & Zad was tasked with designing a small urban park adjacent to the Tehran Sports Federation for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, the practice identified an opportunity to educate the deaf community in Tehran and provide inclusive public amenities in the neighborhood. .

© Nima Ghanei
© Nima Ghanei

© Nima Ghanei
© Nima Ghanei

Basic design strategies included circular seating areas with a radius of 2.80 meters to 5.50 meters; an ideal distance to facilitate deaf visual dialogue. The circular seating also encourages friendly interaction and engagement between strangers, as the layout acts as a gathering space for all users. To further enhance safety and comfort, the circular seats have entrances to walkways. Apart from these entrances, each seating area is surrounded on all sides by foliage and greenery to prevent sudden or accidental approaches from an angle that is not visible to HOH people.

© Nima Ghanei
© Nima Ghanei

The lightweight double curvature umbrellas are designed with angled rods to minimize visual obstructions. Additionally, umbrellas are designed with height and canopy measurements that balance light and shade, as high contrast light and shadow also impedes visual readability during signage.

© Nima Ghanei
© Nima Ghanei
Diagram
Diagram

Silk Tree Park is designed to include all ages and a range of physical abilities. All spaces are connected by a single flat surface which allows anyone with walking difficulties or in a wheelchair to easily access the public space. There are two flat areas measured to standards for casual sports such as volleyball and small-field football, and kids can skate and cycle.

Diagram
Diagram
© Nima Ghanei
© Nima Ghanei

Silk Tree Park is the first public domain area in Tehran designed under the Space Guidelines for Deaf People and HOH. The park is part of a larger initiative on behalf of the municipality to create more public spaces that include all physical abilities. The design was founded on how meeting special needs can enrich design and how the design of natural and built environments can foster playful interaction and empathy among people from all walks of life.


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