World Wildlife Day 2022: Ranthambore National Park, Kanha National Reserve – 5 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India You Must Visit Once

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Undomesticated animals and sometimes plants of a particular area included are called fauna. Not specific to forests or rainforests, you can also find them in other ecosystems like deserts, grasslands, plains, and even most civilized urban areas. The balance between wildlife and other life forms in an ecosystem is essential to have a sustainable environment. For example, if deforestation increases in the forest ecosystem, wildlife will completely lose their habitat and their risk of extinction will increase, affecting the entire ecosystem. World Wildlife Day 2022: date, theme, history and meaning of the day that celebrates the diversity of life on the planet.

Over the years, humans have played an important role in the extinction of wildlife through deforestation for primarily industrial purposes. Deforestation has caused global warming and soil erosion, leading to flash floods. As a result, wildlife lost their natural habitat. Hence the cases of species threatened with extinction. Each year, the estimate of experts reveals that about 200 to 2000 species are extinct. It may seem fascinating from the balcony of a tall building in which we live or work, perfectly designed roads and skyscrapers, marvels of civil engineering. But do we realize that our ideas only took shape at the cost of ruining the living establishment that faces threats of extinction?

At its 68th session, the United Nations General Assembly on December 20, 2013 declared March 3 annually as World Wildlife Day to celebrate wildlife and raise awareness of wildlife conservation at all levels in the world. This year in 2022, World Wildlife Day is celebrated under the message “Recovering Key Species for Ecosystem Restoration”. The idea is to globally highlight species on the brink of extinction and possible efforts to restore their habitat to minimize their risk of extinction and conserve forests.

In India, the main reason for the dismantling of wildlife habitat is due to population explosion. The famous Bengal tiger weighing around 550 pounds is one such endangered species. For industrial, agricultural and mining purposes, wildlife is in crisis.

Maintenance of sanctuaries and national parks and implementation of projects like Project Tiger on April 1, 1973 and Crocodile Conservation Program are some measures taken by the Indian government to protect wildlife. Harsh realities aside, one way or another, it is appreciable that the central government is taking steps for the upkeep of the sanctuaries and national parks in India. India is rich in wildlife from north to south, east to west, making it one of the most fantastic tourist attractions. India has a total of 564 wildlife sanctuaries. Of these, here are the top five wildlife sanctuaries that you can plan to visit with family or friends on World Wildlife Day and make the most of them:

1. Ranthambore National Park

It is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India, Rajasthan. The best season to visit Ranthambore National Park is the summers from April to June as the thirsty animals roam around a lot in search of water. As a result, people can observe them more closely. Morning game drive times are approximately 7am to 11am and mainly 2pm to 5.30pm. You can find tigers, blackbucks, peacocks, spotted deer and around 250 species of birds here although it is known as a national reserve for tigers in particular.

Ranthambore National Park (Photo credits: Wikimedia Commons)

2. Jim Corbett National Park

Famous worldwide for its endangered species, temples, waterfalls and dams, Jim Corbett National Park is located in the Nainital district of Uttrakhand. There is a wide variety of flora and fauna as well as the splendid Royal Bengal Tiger. This sanctuary is considered one of the best adventure spots in the world. You can visit in late summers to early winters, considered the best time.

Jim Corbett National Park (Photo credits: Wikimedia Commons)

3. Gir National Park

It is located in Gujarat, also known as Sasan Gir. This national park is the home of majestic lions from Asia. These lions roam nearby human settlements. This national park played a vital role in the conservation of these Asiatic lions which were at the last stage of extinction and therefore widely applauded for their efforts. Gir is the only forest where Asiatic lions are found in their true habitat. Apart from lions, many other mammals, birds, reptiles and flora can be seen in Gir National Park. The best time is after October until May.

Gir National Park (Photo credits: Wikimedia Commons)

4. Kanha National Reserve

It is located in Madhya Pradesh in the Maikal range of Satpura. This national park is located at a height above the plains. Wild animals in Kanha National Reserve are Bengal tigers, swamp deer, barasinghas, jackals, wild dogs, sloth bears and foxes. It also has various species of birds and wild plants. Two modes of tours are available here: jeep safari and elephant safari. Preferably people visit from October to June.

Kanha National Reserve (Photo credits: Wikimedia Commons)

5. Kaziranga National Park

Famous for its one-horned rhino, Kaziranga National Park is located in Assam. It is also a habitat for water buffaloes, swamp deer and elephants. The Ganges dolphins are also present. You can enjoy Brahmaputra river cruises in the park and even enjoy an elephant safari. You can especially visit during the winters.

Kaziranga National Park (Photo credits: Wikimedia Commons)

Besides being a tourist attraction, wildlife has a more meaningful purpose to offer. Every form of life in an ecosystem is interdependent. Any changes in wildlife will affect humans as well as the environment in general. So let’s make a commitment and do our part by at least not appreciating the felling of forests for building purposes and discouraging hunting for recreational purposes to conserve the essential fauna, both flora and fauna. wildlife.

(The above story first appeared on LatestLY on March 03, 2022 at 08:30 IST. For more news and updates on Politics, World, Sports, Entertainment and Lifestyle , log in to our website latestly.com).

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